3rd Battalion
Royal Australian Regiment
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3rd Battalion
Royal Australian Regiment
Roll of Honour
Lt. John William Wheeler
KIA 2nd March 1971

Lt. John William Wheeler
Australian Newspaper
1986

John W. Wheeler, 22, Cremorne, NSW
Born on April 25, 1948 the grandson of an original Anzac was the first of Roy and Enid Wheeler's four children. He represented the ACT in schoolboy rugby union and had fully restored a 1929 Model A Ford Roadster. After graduating from the Royal Military College Duntroon as a Lieutenant and his posting to 3 RAR a grenade killed him on the night of March 2, 1971 in a nine hour contact in Phuoc Tuy.

Everyone Had a Long Night

The 4 Infantry Companies (A, B, C & D) had been deployed from Nui Dat on the 27th February, just two days after arriving in Vietnam.  The “in theatre" operational training had commenced allowing all soldiers to familiarise with the duties expected of them in a theatre of war.  Up to this point the climate and the work load had, I am sure,  exhausted everyone.  It was now the evening of the 2nd March.

Contact with the enemy, presumed to be VC, had been reported by various elements of 3RAR during the day.  Later in the afternoon, the Charlie (C) Company, 3 RAR Platoon Commanders were ordered by Company Commander (OC) to Harbour in a Company position a short distance away from Delta (D) Company in dry, scrubby country dotted with patches of bamboo and tall trees.

From memory, the Harbour went in quickly and without too much fuss considering it was a sizeable manoeuvre practiced only once or twice before in Australia.  The 3 Platoons (7, 8 & 9) linked on the circular defensive perimeter, back to each Platoon headquarters located in depth, and then to Company HQ in the centre of the large circle. We had on this night 3 Centurion tanks join the Harbour and one of these tanks was located out on the 9 Platoon perimeter.  There was no moon and the night was pitch black.

The multi company night Harbour of approximately 250 men had “gone in” efficiently and quietly extending over a large (now defended) area.

After the evening routine of placing gun picquets and other infantry duties had finished, a heavy contact was initiated with Delta Company nearby.  Charlie Company immediately stood to as is the practice.  The essential task was to keep alert for the enemy who were moving onto our position and to keep rules of engagement foremost in our minds.  Firing at night could cause havoc among friend-lies as well as the enemy.  I remember thinking at the height of the battle several hundred meters away how terrifying all this really was - with gun ships, artillery, mortars, flares and tanks all firing - but, how calmly and efficiently everyone was going about his business preparing to defend the Company perimeter. The artillery flares with their ghostly shadows among the undergrowth added to the spectacle.

Word soon came through over the radio network that "Snow" Strickland had been severely wounded and several others badly hurt as well.  About the same time, we heard the news that Pte Paul Manning and Lt. Johnny Wheeler had both been killed.

The RAAF dust off was unable to come in for the priority wounded because the Landing Zone was not secure.   An American medivac helicopter en route from Vung Tau to Long Dien saw and heard the Delta Company contact activity and offered to assist.  The pilot directed in, under fire, over the Delta Company position and, apart from calmly keeping in touch with the boys on the ground who were hooking up "Snow" and the others in the dark, he only once asked without a tremor, "Hey you guys, can ya hurry up!!".  The helicopter was receiving ground fire with the helicopter's blades swinging just millimeters over the tops of the trees, but he and his crew refused to leave the hover which I thought was so typical of Americans, particularly their medivac pilots.  The Americans awarded "The Team" a citation. Whatever unit flew those bloody medivacs should have received a similar commendation.

Things quietened down eventually. We maintained a heightened alert and were all left quietly considering our thoughts. Everyone had a long night.

J W (Lt. John Wheeler) had many very good friends.  He was a career soldier and trained at Duntroon Military College, a highly respected leader because of his competence and personality. None of us were able to say goodbye to him until 20 years later.  Such was the nature of the war.

A Battalion's Baptism of Fire

On the night of 2 March 1971, 3RAR's rifle companies settled into their night defensive positions and began the routine of posting sentries, eating, and cleaning weapons. This had now become second nature, and the riflemen were growing accustomed to the rigours of patrolling and searching for the ever elusive enemy. Many of the riflemen still felt that the training "in country" was almost like an exercise being conducted in Australia. This was to change within a few hours. By 1820 hours on the night of 2 March, C and D companies had settled into their respective night positions. C Company harboured up with 5 Troop C Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment. D Company harboured up on the edge of a narrow finger of a paddy field with a reasonable amount of visibility. At 2000 hours both C and D companies reported movement on their perimeters and probing by an enemy force of unknown strength.

At 2020 hours, 11 Platoon, under the leadership of Lieutenant David Horner, sighted one to two enemy 20 to 30 metres away from their position. The claymore mines were immediately fired and the area to their front was engaged by the platoon's machine-guns. Illumination was also called for and a sweep of the area was about to commence when approximately ten enemy were sighted outside the perimeter. The machine-gunners opened fire in an effort to suppress the area with small arms fire.

At almost the same time, 10 Platoon, commanded by Lieutenant John Wheeler, sighted an unknown number of the enemy in front off the south-east section of the harbour. The platoon immediately engaged the area of the sighting with small arms fire. The enemy were using whistles and flares as a means of signalling and directing their fire and movement onto the perimeter.

Incoming AK47 small arms fire was being received by 10 Platoon. Suddenly a large explosion was heard in the 10 Platoon position, and, amid the flying metal fragments, two of the riflemen were killed--Lieutenant John Wheeler and Private Paul Manning-- with Private E.G. Strickland and Private Keith R. Hammond wounded. These casualties had a profound effect on the whole battalion; nobody could believe it had happened and so quickly after 3RAR's arrival.

Before the explosion Lieutenant Wheeler was seen moving from position to position, at great risk to himself, giving support and encouragement to his troops. It was later suggested that for an explosion of such a magnitude it could have only been a satchel charge. A close inspection later revealed that many of the trees in the surrounding area had metal fragments embedded in them, similar to a 20 pound high explosive round.

Those involved directly and indirectly in the battalion's first major contact came to the sudden realisation that Vietnam was a real war where people got killed and wounded. Many of the riflemen in the battalion came to grips with the situation very quickly, yet others never made the transition. They would, years late, become the unseen casualties of the Vietnam war.

Mike English from his book "The Riflemen", 

C Company’s night harbour was about 2km south-east of D Company. At about 9pm, D Company (11 Platoon) engaged a group of about ten enemy moving across their front. Soon after, the platoon to the left of 5 Troop, ‘opened fire with everything’. Next thing, D Company were ‘hit by about 20-30 enemy firing RPGs, AK47s etc, inflicting two killed [Lieutenant John Wheeler and Private Paul Manning] and two wounded’.  A Field Battery, 12 Field Regiment, immediately provided both defensive fire and illumination.  A stretch of relatively open ground lay between C and D Company. The tanks had moved over it repeatedly during the past two days and the troop leader (Cameron) was confident of being able to reach D Company quickly. Believing that their sudden appearance would cause the enemy to break off the engagement, he suggested that the tanks deploy accordingly, pointing out that they would use their searchlights, and, if necessary, would not fire until cleared to do so. While waiting, the troop moved forward to the edge of the clearing – ready to leave immediately. The plan was rejected. The troop were ordered to remain where they were and to switch on their searchlights. The beams were to be shone towards D Company, so as to guide the Bushrangers providing close support with miniguns and rockets. The tanks remained in their position in front of C Company after things quietened down, around 2.30am. Although crews heard sounds of movement soon after, the infantry were not keen on the tanks engaging. Even when the noise grew louder, permission to fire continued to be denied (unless enemy were actually seen). Finally, Cameron counted down over the troop radio for searchlights to be turned on to illuminate an area about 20m in front of the tanks: ‘Three, Two One, NOW!’ At that instant his gunner (Trooper Dal Crocker) glimpsed a figure. The detonation of the canister round was absolutely deafening for the infantry close-by; there were no more sounds of movement for the rest of the night.  It was about 3am when those at Nui Dat stood down: ‘Task Force must have thought that there were a lot of VC out there.’  While the only thing picked up by the C Company clearing patrol next morning, was a sandal, a trail was found ‘which had been used by at least twelve people that night and where someone had snuck forward [close to the tanks]’.  If they had hoped for another target for a satchel charge, they miscalculated.”

 

A Story From The Suburbs Of Adelaide

Montague Farm
A Suburb In Adelaide, South Australia


When John Callaghan and his partner Louanne de Laeter visited a memorial at Henderson Reserve, Montague Farm, which Honour's Vietnam veterans, they were deeply touched.  Returning to their home in the same suburb, they decided to research the meaning behind their street name, Wheeler Avenue.  Streets in the Montague Housing estate were named in dedication of South Australians who were killed in Vietnam.  The suburb had been developed with the help of a Vietnam Veteran.

Through their research John and Louanne discovered that their street was named as a tribute to 22-year-old Lt. John Wheeler who died in combat in an explosion that occurred during an enemy attack on March 2, 1971.

Their research brought them into contact with one of John’s close friends, who also served in the 3rd Battalion Royal Australian Regiment.

When the explosion took place on the evening of the 2nd March Lt. John Wheeler died along with his friend and comrade Private Paul Manning.  John and Louanne’s research found that not only had both men died together that night; they are also united in the street names of the suburb.  Wheeler Avenue adjoins Manning Crescent in the suburb.

John and Louanne have put together a touching memorial to Lt. John Wheeler inside their home.  On the front door of their home a photograph of John Wheeler has been installed along with the Vietnam veteran ribbon.

“We just want to say, hey, we know what you did, and we honour you and respect you,” John says.

Return to Roll of Honour
Service Details:
Branch of Service: Army
Conflict: Vietnam war
Personal Details:
Gender: Male
Date of Birth: 25/04/1948
Place of Birth: Sydney
Address (at enlistment): 51 Raymond
Street, Ainslie
ACT
Occupation: Soldier
Next of Kin:

Roy and Enid Wheeler
51 Raymond Street,
Ainslie ACT

Unit Details: 3rd Battalion RAR
Service Number: 235407
Final Rank: Lieutenant
Final Unit: 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
Fate: Killed in action on 2 March 1971, Phuoc Tuy Province, South Vietnam
Commemoration: AWM Roll of Honour Memorial Panel 4,
Canberra ACT
Roll of Honour, Parade Ground, Royal Military College, Duntroon
Norwood Park Crematorium (ACT), Ex Service Wall - Row 3 - No 2
Memorial Plaque at Lyneham High School, Goodwin Street, Lyneham ACT

Notes:

John Wheeler was the grandson of an original Anzac, represented the ACT in schoolboy rugby and graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1969.

He served in Vietnam from 12 February 1971 but was killed by a grenade during a nine hour night contact in Phuoc Tuy on the 2nd March 1971.

Sources: * AWM Roll of Honour Database
* The Weekend Australian 3-4/10/1992
Louise Lyon (ed.), "Voices of Old Ainslie"T, 1995
* John Cope, "Between the First Forty Lynes: A History of Lyneham High School 1959-1999"T, Canberra 1999
* Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans
http://www.vietnamroll.gov.au
* Images provided courtesy of the Wheeler family
* 7/01/2010 ACT Memorial - Viewing Person memorial.
 

The 3 RAR Internet site gratefully acknowledges the assistance of 101 design of Wollongong. www.101design.com.au